Recognize the Emergency Conditions in Diabetes and Symptoms

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An emergency
condition in diabetes can occur when blood sugar levels drop too low or rise
too high from their normal limits. This risks causing serious health problems,
coma, and even death. Therefore, emergency signs and symptoms in diabetes are
important to recognize.

When a person
consumes carbohydrate foods, the digestive tract will break down these
carbohydrates into smaller sugar molecules, known as glucose. Glucose is then
absorbed into the cells of the body with the help of insulin, to be used as a
source of energy.

When the amount of
insulin is too low or abnormalities occur in cells that make it difficult to
use insulin, then the glucose level in the blood increases. Over time, this
condition can cause diabetes.

Symptoms of Emergency Conditions in Diabetes

Image by mohamed Hassan from Pixabay

Diabetics need to
recognize the signs and symptoms of an emergency condition in diabetes. Because
if ignored and left without help, this condition can cause coma, permanent
brain damage, or even death. The following are some of the emergency conditions
in diabetes that you need to be aware of:

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a
condition in which blood sugar levels are too low. This can happen because
diabetics use diabetics that are too high, forget to eat after taking diabetes
medications or use insulin, eat in too little portions, exercise heavily, or
consume alcohol.

When experiencing
hypoglycemia, a person can experience the following symptoms:

  • Feeling hungry or appetite
    increases.
  • Trembling body.
  • Dizzy.
  • Limp.
  • Heart beat.
  • Sweating.
  • Anxious or nervous.
  • Passed out.
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When experiencing a
blood sugar drop that is too drastic, diabetics need to immediately get sugar
intake to raise their blood sugar levels. This intake can be obtained from
consuming sugar, fruit juice, sweet tea, honey, or candy.

After 15 minutes,
if the symptoms have not improved, repeat the administration of sugar. If it
has been done three times but there has been no improvement, conditions
worsened, or even a seizure or fainting, immediately to the nearest emergency
department (IGD).

Diabetic ketoacidosis

This condition
occurs when starving body cells are forced to break down fat as an energy
source. Cells may starve because the body lacks insulin or cannot properly use
insulin to enter glucose into the cell as an energy source.

The breakdown of
these fats produces ketones which can be toxic (toxic) to the body if the
amount is excessive. Diabetic ketoacidosis is one of the most dangerous
emergencies in diabetes.

Diabetic
ketoacidosis is more likely to occur in diabetic patients who have certain
conditions, such as infection, injury, surgery, uncontrolled blood sugar, or
heart disease. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis can be:

Feeling very
thirsty and weak.

  • Hard to breathe.
  • Chest pounding fast.
  • Mouth and dry skin.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Breath smells like fruit.
  • Nausea, vomiting, and abdominal
    pain.
  • Dizzy.
  • Passed out.
  • Coma.

Diabetes patients
who experience these symptoms should immediately get medical help at the
hospital. The doctor will give treatment through an IV and give insulin to
gradually reduce blood sugar levels. If late handled, this condition can cause
fatal complications.

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