causes complications in the form of ulcers in the legs. If diabetes foot care
is not done properly, these ulcers will get worse quickly due to poor blood
circulation. Therefore, diabetics need to really understand how to treat feet
and ulcers on their feet.
Handling by a
doctor needs to be done when an ulcer appears or just a wound in the feet of
diabetics. If left unchecked, ulcers can spread and cause damage to tissues and
bones, so the patient needs to undergo amputation.
Not only after
ulcers arise, diabetes foot care also needs to be done even though there are no
injuries to the feet. The aim is to prevent the emergence of wounds that are
difficult to heal and have the potential to become ulcers.
Proper Diabetes Foot Care
caring for the feet is very important to prevent ulcers. There are some foot
care tips that need to be known by diabetics, namely:
1. Check the condition of the foot every day
The feet of
diabetics need to be examined once a day to see any abnormalities, such as
redness, blisters, cracked skin, or swelling. If it is difficult to reach your
feet, use a mirror to see all parts of your feet up to the sole. Place a mirror
on the floor if it is too difficult to handle, or ask someone for help.
2. Wash feet with warm water and use a moisturizing cream
Wash your feet with
warm water (not too hot) once a day, then dry the feet, especially between the
toes, with a soft towel or cloth. After that, use a moisturizing cream to keep
the foot skin soft.
3. Do not treat wounds without consulting a doctor
To avoid injury to
the skin, do not use nail files, nail clippers, or liquid medicine to remove
warts or calluses on the feet. To be safe, consult with your doctor first.
4. Don’t go barefoot and trim your toenails carefully
To prevent injury
to the feet, do not go barefoot, even when on the move at home. Also, don’t cut
your nails too deep or ask someone else for help if you can’t cut your own
5. Wear socks that are clean, dry, and absorb sweat
Wear socks with
materials that absorb sweat easily, such as cotton. Do not use socks made of
nylon and socks with rubber that is too tight, because it can reduce air
circulation in the feet.
6. Use shoes of the right size
Use shoes that are
comfortable and have pads for your heels and arches. Avoid using narrow shoes
or high heels. If one leg is bigger than the other, don’t force it to wear
shoes that are the same size left and right. Choose shoes that are the right
size for each foot.
Treatment of ulcers in the feet of people with diabetes
If there are ulcers or just sores on the feet, diabetics need to immediately consult a doctor. The doctor or surgeon will provide treatment for ulcers and wounds in the legs so they do not spread. The doctor can also carry out further tests with X-ray or Doppler ultrasound to check for further diabetes complications.