What is Corona Virus Covid-19 ?

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Corona virus or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. This disease caused by a viral infection is called COVID-19. Corona virus can cause mild disturbances to the respiratory system, severe lung infections, to death.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), better known as the Corona virus, is a new type of coronavirus that is transmitted to humans. Although more attacking the elderly, this virus can actually affect anyone, ranging from infants, children, to adults, including pregnant women and nursing mothers.

Corona virus infection is called COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) and was first discovered in the city of Wuhan, China at the end of December 2019. The virus is transmitted very quickly and has spread to almost all countries, including Indonesia, in just a few months.

This makes some countries implement policies to impose lockdowns in order to prevent the spread of Corona virus. In Indonesia, a Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) policy was put in place to suppress the spread of this virus.

Coronavirus is a collection of viruses that can infect the respiratory system. In many cases, this virus only causes mild respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as lung infections (pneumonia).

In addition to the SARS-CoV-2 virus or Corona virus, the viruses included in this group are the viruses that cause Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the viruses that cause Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Although caused by viruses from the same group, namely coronaviruses, COVID-19 has some differences with SARS and MERS, among others in terms of the speed of spread and severity of symptoms.

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Symptoms of Corona Virus (COVID-19)

Early symptoms of Corona virus infection or COVID-19 can resemble flu symptoms, namely fever, runny nose, dry cough, sore throat, and headache. After that, the symptoms can disappear and heal or even aggravate. Patients with severe symptoms can experience high fever, cough with phlegm and even bleeding, shortness of breath, and chest pain. These symptoms appear when the body reacts against the Corona virus.

In general, there are 3 general symptoms that can indicate someone is infected with the Corona virus, namely:

  • Fever (body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius)
  • Cough
  • Hard to breathe

The symptoms of COVID-19 generally appear within 2 days to 2 weeks after the patient is exposed to the Corona virus.

When to see a doctor?

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Immediately do independent isolation if you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection (COVID-19) as mentioned above, especially if in the last 2 weeks you are in an area that has cases of COVID-19 or contact with sufferers of COVID-19. After that, contact the COVID-19 hotline at 119 Ext. 9 for further guidance.

If you might be exposed to the Corona virus but don’t experience any symptoms, you don’t need to go to the hospital, just stay at home for 14 days and limit contact with others. If symptoms appear, then do isolation independently and ask your doctor by telephone or application about what actions you need to take and what medications you need to take.

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If you need a direct examination by a doctor, do not go directly to the hospital because that will increase your risk of contracting or transmitting the Corona virus to others.

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